Akamani and Wilson (2011) will be an important article for my comps process, as I learn more about adaptive governance. Importantly, this article outlines three strategies for promoting and achieving adaptive governance in the context of a larger multilevel system, which is what a transboundary water basin is. The strategies are:
1) Analytic Deliberation, 2) Nesting, and 3) Institutional Variety
The article ties in the theory/framework of adaptive governance to transboundary water basins, and argues that the 3 strategies above blend with discussions on transparency, participation, and accountability in the governance of international waters, which challenges the traditional command and control state-centric approach. There is an emphasis on public involvement, transparency, accountability, multilevel collaboration, etc. The attributes of adaptive governance satisfy the requirements for good governance, as well as building resilience to unpredictable stressors and drivers of change to complex social-ecological system that is a transboundary water resource.
The article concludes with an important point for my own research interests,
“Adaptive governance is appropriate for facilitating current emphasis on multiparty collaboration among diverse actors in TWR governance and for preparing system for both abrupt and incremental change in response to unpredictable social and ecological drivers of change”
This article will be one I will want to refer to as I progress along the path of adaptive governance and transboundary water resources. Could the core strategies of AG provide a template or benchmark for what to look for when asking if sub-state actor networks or transnational networks engage in transboundary water policy discussions and negotiation processes?